Shandong is a coastal province of eastern People's Republic of China. Its abbreviation is L¨³, after the state of Lu that existed here during the Spring and Autumn Period.

The name Shandong literally means "mountain's east", which refers to the province's location east of the Taihang Mountains. The province is located in the lower reaches of the Huang He (Yellow River) and extends out to sea in the form of the Shandong Peninsula. Shandong borders the Bohai Sea to the north, Hebei to the northwest, Henan to the west, Jiangsu to the south, and the Yellow Sea to the southeast; it also shares a very short border with Anhui, between Henan and Jiangsu.

Shandong has a temperate climate, with moist summers and dry, cold winters. Average temperatures are -5 to 1¡ãC in January and 24 to 28¡ãC in July. Annual precipitation is 550 to 950 mm.

With Jinan serving as the province's economic and cultural centre, the province's economic prowess has led to the development of modern coastal cities located at Qingdao, Weihai, and Yantai. In addition, Weifang and Zaozhuang are also upstart cities.

Shandong cuisine is one of the eight great traditions of Chinese cuisine. It can be more finely divided into inland Shandong cuisine (e.g. Jinan cuisine); the seafood-centered Jiaodong cuisine in the peninsula; and Confucius's Mansion cuisine, an elaborate tradition originally intended for imperial and other important feasts.

Tourist attractions in Shandong include:
Jinan, the capital city of Shandong since Ming dynasty, renowned for its 72 Famous Springs.

Penglai, a town on the north of the Shandong peninsula famed in Taoism.

Qingdao, beach resort city on the south of the peninsula famous for its Tsingtao beer.

Qingzhou, an ancient trading and administrative centre with some famous archaeological discoveries.

Weihai, a former British port city important in the second Sino-Japanese War.

World Heritage Sites: